Glossary of Terms
Abrasive cut off saw
An abrasive cutoff saw is also known as a metal chop saw. An abrasive cutoff saw is a power tool that is typically used to cut hard materials, such as metals. The abrasive cut off saw is also great for stainless steel cutting. The cutting action is performed by an abrasive disc, similar to a thin grinding wheel. The cutoff saw has a built-in vise or other clamping arrangement, and has the cut off wheel and motor mounted on a pivoting arm attached to a fixed base plate. Because the cutting action is done by an abrasive product - typically aluminum oxide, which is significantly harder than most steel - materials in excess of 60 Rockwell "C" scale can be cut abrasively. See also Chop saw and Cut off saw.
A power tool that uses a blade consisting of a continuous band of metal with teeth along one edge to cut various workpieces. The band usually rides on two wheels rotating in the same plane, although some small bandsaws have three wheels. Bandsawing produces uniform cutting action as a result of an evenly distributed tooth load. Bandsaws are used for woodworking, metalworking or for cutting a variety of other materials, and are particularly useful for cutting irregular or curved shapes. A bandsaw can also be used to produce straight cuts. The minimum radius of a curve that can be cut on a particular saw is determined by the width of the band and its lateral flexibility.
A chop saw is also known as a metal chop saw, or a cutoff saw. A chop saw is a power tool that is typically used to cut hard materials, such as metals. The metal cutting action is performed by an abrasive cut off wheel, similar to a thin grinding wheel. This metal saw has a built-in vise or other clamping arrangement, and has the cut off wheel and motor mounted on a pivoting arm attached to a fixed base plate. A chop saw is also known as an Abrasive cut off saw and Cut off saw.
A machine that uses a toothed metal cutting disc or blade. The term is also loosely used for the blade itself. The blade is a tool for cutting metal or other non-metal materials, and may be hand held or table mounted. It can also be used to make narrow slots. Most of these saws are designed with a blade to cut metal, but may also be equipped with a blade designed to cut non-metal applications. Toothed blades are normally in the range of 32 Rockwell "C" scale and therefore are restricted from cutting harder materials, such as linear bearings, files or case hardened shafts, etc.
A sawing machine that uses a circular saw blade to cut metal. The name "cold saw" comes from the cutting process it employs. This sawing machine transfers the heat generated by cutting to the chips created by the saw blade. Therefore, the blade and material being cut remain cold.
Cold saw blade
Circular metal cutting saw blade categorized into two types: solid HSS or tungsten carbide-tipped (TCT). Both types of blades are able to be sharpened and may be used many times before being discarded. Used to cut metal using a relatively slow rotational speed, usually less than 500 surface feet per minute (SFM) (2.5m/s), and a high chip load per tooth, usually between .001" - .003" (0.025 - 0.08mm) per tooth. Like a band saw, a cold saw cannot cut material harder than Rockwell 30 C.
Cut off saw
A cutoff saw is also known as a metal chop saw. A cutoff saw is a power tool that is typically used to cut hard materials, such as metals. The cutting action of a cutoff saw is performed by an abrasive cut off wheel, similar to a thin grinding wheel. The cutoff saw has a built-in vise or other clamping arrangement, and has the cutting wheel and motor mounted on a pivoting arm attached to a fixed base plate. See also Abrasive cut off saw and Chop saw.
A cutoff saw used to make accurate crosscuts and miters in a steel, metal or non-metal workpiece.
Non-ferrous cutting is more specialized than cutting regular metals. Non-ferrous metals do not contain iron, and therefore require different cutting equipment. A non-ferrous cutting machine is used for cutting metals like aluminum, lead, nickel, and copper. Non-ferrous cutting is best done with a wet saw, using Everett Reinforced Rubber Bonded Cutting Wheels or possibly a steel blade.
Steel pipe cutting
A mechanized pipe cutting process that removes material from steel pipe to create a desired profile. Typical steel pipe profiles include straight cuts and miters.
Steel shapes cutting
A mechanized steel cutting process that removes material from steel to create a desired shape. Stainless steel cutting and other types of steel cutting can fall under this category.
Structural steel cutting
A mechanized cutting process that removes material from steel construction that has been formed with a specific shape or cross section and certain standards of chemical composition and mechanical properties.
A mechanized process similar to pipe cutting that removes material from steel tube to create a desired profile. Typical cut profiles include straight cuts and miters.
Wet cutoff saw
A wet cutoff saw is a type of metal cutting chop saw with a water-filled trough that pumps water over the material as it's being cut. This prevents the material and the tool from overheating. A wet saw also helps clear chips from the cutting area.
Dry cutting saw
A type of chop saw that can cut all different types of material, depending on the job you want to get done. A dry cutting saw can not only cut metal like a wet saw, but it can also be used for pipe cutting, hydraulic hose cutting, wire rope cutting, and tube cutting.
Wire rope cutting
The process of cutting wire rope with a hydraulic wire rope cutter. The key to cutting wire rope successfully lies in "seizing" the wire rope properly before making the cut. Seizing is the process of wrapping a smaller wire around a wire rope multiple times to bind the strands in place. Seizing must be equally placed on both sides of the point where the wire rope cut will be made, must have a sufficient number of coils and must be properly spaced and sized. Cut the wire rope between the two central seizings with the wire rope saw. The wire rope cutting process can also be accomplished with an abrasive saw, and usually eliminates the need for seizing, because the cut off wheel does not have teeth that would grab the individual strand of wire in the wire rope.
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